1) What informative texts are.
2) Where they are commonly found.
3) The structure.
4) The Language features.
An informative text is a text that wants to advise or tell you about something.
A newspaper article might give you information about a health issue like giving up smoking.
A website might give you information about a movie, band or something that you are interested in.
A handout from school might be advising you about what your child will be doing during the next term.
Informative texts usually:
- Avoid repetition
- Contain facts
- Give information in a clear way - introducing the subject
- Make a plan to help you try and give up smoking. Plan the date you'll give up, how you'll try to deal with temptations and a list of the reasons why you are giving up to keep motivated.
Compare and Contrast
This text structure explains how things are alike and how things are different. To compare means to tell how things are the same. To contrast means to tell how they are different. A compare and contrast structure will fit nicely into a venn diagram graphic organizer.
Cause and Effect
The cause is why something happens, and the effect is what happens. Texts with this structure may describe a cause and effect chain of events. It may describe a chain of cause and effect that circles back around to become a circular cycle. This may tell about one cause with several effects, or several causes with one effect. You can find chain of event, cycle, and other graphic organizers that use blocks and arrows for diagramming cause and effect.
Problem/Solution informational texts do what their name implies. They describe a problem, and then describe one or more solutions to the problem. This may be about a current problem, a possible future problem, or a historical problem that is already solved. You can use a simple two column graphic organizer with one labeled "Problem", and the other labeled "Solution(s)" to diagram the thinking behind this nonfiction text structure.
A list of events in the order they happened is the sequence informational text structure. A timeline graphic organizer will be the organizational model of choice for this type of nonfiction structure.
A list type organization is, of course, what you are reading right now. The author lists and describes important elements of the topic. A numbered list would be the simple graphic organizer associated with this type of informational structure.
Informational text structures are important to recognize. Students will become better thinkers, readers, and writers if they understand and recognize these basic ways of organizing nonfiction content.
Informative text is usually in present tense, unless the person giving the information is talking about a past event.