), progress;} Black Moustache 2013 S1-09 English Language Blog: Research: Information Texts by Johanna Lim Ziyun and Kok Li Ying

Tuesday, 9 July 2013

Research: Information Texts by Johanna Lim Ziyun and Kok Li Ying

1) What information texts are?

It explains ideas and it gives directions or shows how to do something. It also provides clear information about a subject or topic. An information text can organise and link information clearly by using for example short paragraphs, subheadings etc. 

2) Where are they commonly found?
They can be found in newspaper articles, a website (about bands, singers etc), a handout from school (what your child will be doing next term), nature magazine, pamphlet to a theme park (or any other exciting places), encyclopaedias and newsletters.

3) The structure of informative texts

Information texts tend to have either a chronological (time ordered) or logical structure.
They tend to group information, often moving from general to more specific detail and examples or elaborations.
A common structure includes:

-an opening statement, often a general classification 

-sometimes followed by a more detailed or technical classification (Their Latin name is...)

-a description of whatever is the subject of the report organised in some way to help the reader make sense of the information. This can be done through the use of clear paragraphs, each beginning with a topic sentence or through the use of sub headings. 

There are five types of structures:
1) Compare and Contrast
2) Cause and Effect
3) Problem or Solution
4) Sequence
5) List

For compare and contrast,  the text explains how things are alike and how things are different.
For cause and effect, the cause is why something happens, and the effect explains what happens. Texts with this structure may describe a cause and effect chain of events. 
For problem or solution, these informational texts do what their name implies. They describe a problem, and then describe one or more solutions to the problem. This may be about a current problem, a possible future problem, or a historical problem that is already solved.
For sequence, it is a list of events in the order they happened is the sequence informational text structure.
For list, the author lists and describes important elements of the topic. A numbered list would be the simple graphic organizer associated with this type of informational structure.

4) What are the language features in an informative text?

-Often written in the third person and present tense.
-Sometimes written in the past tense, as in a historical report.
-Usually uses an impersonal tone and appropriate level of formal vocabulary.
-Description is also used and is usually an important feature, including the language of comparison and contrast. 
-Description is generally used for precision rather than to create an emotional response so imagery is not heavily used. 

Language features include simple present tense, linking verbs, technical language (eg.  geography terms like evaporation, water cycle etc.) and generalised terms (eg. humans, plants, etc.)

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