1) What information texts are.
They are reference-type books which contain information and facts about a particular subject. They are non-chronological and often include features such as contents and index pages to help find relevant information quickly.
2)Where they are commonly found.
Brochures, reports, flyers,etc.
1. It provides clear information about a subject.
2. Is usually written in present tense.
3. Is normally written is third person.
4. It organises and links information clearly, often using subheadings, short paragraphs, diagrams, photographs, maps, etc.
4)The language features.
Table of Contents
Many authors of information texts put a table of contents at the beginning of their texts to help the reader find key topics in the book in the order that they come. The table of contents also lists the pages where you can find those topics.
An index is usually found at the back of an informational text. It is an alphabetical list of almost everything the text is about, with page numbers so you can find the information you are looking for in the text.
Headings and Titles
Headings and titles attract or get the reader’s attention and give an idea of the information found in the text. They help the reader to predict the kind of information or ideas you can expect to read about and help you to decide if this text has the information you are looking for or are interested in.
Subtitles in an information text divide the text into sections of key information. Subtitles tell you what the main idea of that section is about and help you to focus your reading on only those sections that have the information you are looking for. Subtitles also help you to organize notes.
A glossary helps the reader find meaning of special vocabulary used in the text or words that the reader may not be familiar with.
Captions are short sentences written under a picture, diagram or illustration. Captions give key information you need to more clearly understand the information in the diagram, picture of illustration.
Illustrations, Sketches, Diagrams, and Photographs
Illustrations, sketches, diagrams and photographs help the reader to see information visually. Drawing or photos allow the reader to see information clearly. They make information clearer because you can see a picture of it.
Labeled diagrams are sketches of something mentioned in the text with all the parts labeled or named. They help to give a clear picture of something being described in the text. Knowing the different parts of things may help the reader understand how things work.
Close-ups help the reader to see all the parts or details in something small. It is an enlargement so the reader can see all of the details.
Cutaways help the reader understand by looking at something from the inside. Often parts of the cutaway are labeled.
Different Types of Print
Authors often use different types of print to signal to the reader that something is important in the text.
Authors use bullets to present key information in short sentences or phrases. They usually do this to explain important information.
Authors box information to draw the reader’s attention to special information in the text. Boxed information may help the reader to find key information in the text to remember or help the reader to understand the surrounding text.
Maps help the reader know where things are in the world. Some maps show countries, cities, lakes, rivers, mountains, roads and other features.
Tables or Graphs
In informational text, authors may present information in a table or graph. A table is used to present information in a clear and simple way and often makes the information easier to understand because it is organized in categories that help the reader see the relationship or connection between pieces of information. A graph compares numerical information.
Comparisons or Similes
In informational text, comparisons or similes are used to help the reader understand something by comparing how it is like something else.
Paragraphs and Stanzas
Authors group similar ideas together into paragraphs. Paragraphs make it easier to understand the messages, ideas and information in a text because the ideas are organized and developed in a logical way.
When poets write, they organize their information in stanzas which help us to understand the ideas the poet wants grouped together and to help the reader read the poem the way the poet wanted it read.
When authors write graphic texts, they tell or extend the story or further the action and story happenings by developing and writing the talk of characters using speech bubbles.